Grimm, Jacob


Grimm, Jacob
(1785-1863), and Grimm, Wilhelm (1786-1859)
   The Brothers Grimm were figures of major importance for folklore studies throughout Europe, but it is only relevant here to speak of their impact in England. Their famous joint collection of *fairytales, the Kinder- und Hausmarchen, appeared in 1812-14, and was first translated into English in 1823. They are now thoroughly absorbed into the part-oral, part-printed traditions of English children; they include such famous stories as 'The Frog Prince', 'Snow White', 'Rapunzel', 'Little Red Riding Hood' (also told by *Perrault), 'Hansel and Gretel', and 'Rumpelstiltskin'.
   The principles set out by the Grimms strongly affected the development of folklore studies. They urged fidelity to the spoken text, without embellishments, and though it has been shown that they did not always practise what they preached, the idealized 'orality' of their style was much closer to reality than the literary retellings previously thought necessary. They believed folklore expressed the true spiritual and moral values of a nation, faithfully preserved by the uneducated rural population, and that it consisted largely of broken-down fragments of ancient myths and religious beliefs. Noticing that the same tale recurs in variants from distant periods and places, they argued that this implies descent from a shared prehistoric culture.
   Another important collection, until recently little known to English-speaking scholars, was their Deutsche Sagen (1816-18; 2nd edn. 1865-6); it covers historical and local legends and those about supernatural beings, which provide many parallels to English legends about fairies, witches, hauntings, treasures, etc. Jacob Grimm's Deutsche Mythologie (1835; final edn. 1875-8) was an erudite discussion covering the folklore and medieval writings of all Germanic countries, encouraging folklorists to interpret supernatural beings (e.g. *water-spirits, or the *Wild Hunt) as former divinities.
   ■ There are many translations of Grimms' Fairy Tales; the best are Jack Zipes, The Complete Fairy Tales of the Brothers Grimm (1987); and David Luke, Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm: Selected Tales (1982). Deutsche Sagen was edited and translated by Donald Ward (with excellent notes and assessment) as The German Legends of the Brothers Grimm (2 vols., 1981). Deutsche Mythologie was translated by J. S. Stal-lybrass as Teutonic Mythology (3 vols., 1880-3). The only full-length biography in English is that by Ruth Michaelis-Jena, The Brothers Grimm (1970).

A Dictionary of English folklore. . 2014.

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  • Grimm, Jacob (Ludwig Carl) and Wilhelm (Carl) — known as the Brothers Grimm born Jan. 4, 1785, Hanau, Hesse Kassel died Sept. 20, 1863, Berlin born Feb. 24, 1786, Hanau died Dec. 16, 1859, Berlin German folklorists and philologists. They spent most of their lives in literary research as… …   Universalium

  • Grimm, Jacob (Ludwig Carl) y Wilhelm (Carl) — llamados los hermanos Grimm (4 ene. 1785, Hanau, Hesse Kassel–20 sep. 1863, Berlín, Alemania) (24 feb. 1786, Hanau–16 dic. 1859, Berlín). Folcloristas y filólogos alemanes. Dedicaron la mayor parte de sus vidas a la investigación literaria, como… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • GRIMM, JACOB LUDWIG —    German philologist, born at Hanau; held office as librarian to Jerome Bonaparte, king of Westphalia, and afterwards to Göttingen University, as well as a professorship there, devoting himself the while chiefly to studies in early German lore,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jacob Grimm — Jacob Grimm, ca. 1860 Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm (auch: Carl; * 4. Januar 1785 in Hanau; † 20. September 1863 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Sprach und Literaturwissenschaftler sowie Jurist und gilt als Begründer der deutschen Philologie und Alter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm — Jacob Grimm, ca. 1860 Jacob Ludwig Karl Grimm (auch: Carl; * 4. Januar 1785 in Hanau; † 20. September 1863 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Sprach und Literaturwissenschaftler sowie Jurist und gilt als Begründer der deutschen Philologie und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jacob Et Wilhelm Grimm — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grimm. Wilhelm Grimm (à gauche) et Jacob Grimm (à droite). Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann, 1855. Berlin, Staatliche Museen. Sous l appellat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacob Grimm — Jacob et Wilhelm Grimm Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grimm. Wilhelm Grimm (à gauche) et Jacob Grimm (à droite). Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann, 1855. Berlin, Staatliche Museen. Sous l appellat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacob et wilhelm grimm — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Grimm. Wilhelm Grimm (à gauche) et Jacob Grimm (à droite). Elisabeth Jerichau Baumann, 1855. Berlin, Staatliche Museen. Sous l appellat …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacob — o Ya akov, en hebreo יַעֲקֹב sostenido por el talón o en árabe يعقوب Yaʿqūb, conocido despues como Israel hebreo יִשְׂרָאֵל Principe de Dios , árabe اسرائيل Isrāʾīl) es uno de los patriarcas de la Biblia. Su historia es contada en el libro de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Grimm — (Jacob) (1785 1863) philologue et écrivain allemand. En collab. avec son frère Wilhelm (1786 1859), il étudia les vieilles légendes allemandes et publia un recueil de Contes d enfants et du foyer (1812). Grimm (Melchior, baron de) (1723 1807)… …   Encyclopédie Universelle